Return to PSTOS Home Page
Welcome to PSTOS

Paramount Theatre - 4/20 Wurlitzer
Seattle, Washington
 
Back to the Paramount Theatre main page

Wurlitzer standard model Publix 1 information

The following is from Larry Chace via the PIPORG-L Internet mailing list (January 16, 1997):
 
"This model of organ was designed by Jesse Crawford for the Publix theatre chain. The intent was to provide an impressive instrument (4 manuals) at a reasonable cost ("only" 20 ranks, no 32', no 25" pressures) for the "deluxe" theatres to be built by that company.
 
The first was opus #1123 (1925) for the Capitol Theatre in Detroit and the last was opus #2164 (1931) for the Parmount Theatre in Oakland, California. A total of 25 were built, described variously as "Special 4M", "260-4M", and "270". (There is a "real" style 270 with a different specification.)
 
The instrument for the Chicago Oriental Theatre was opus 1262 (1926) and was one of the first "ornate" consoles built by Wurlitzer. This was the first of 6 of this style for Chicago, all installed in the first four months of 1926.
 
Strangely enough, the last one (Oakland Paramount) was removed but was then replaced by the first one, now serving (in expanded form) in that same theatre. The original was for many years in the Paramount Music Palace (and pizza restaurant) in Indianapolis; with the closing of that business, the organ has gone "west". Another Publix #1, opus 2006 (1928, Paramount Theatre in Toledo, Ohio), forms the nucleus of the organ in the Berkeley Community Theatre.
 
I believe that there are still original installations in the Alabama Theatre in Birmingham (#1783, 1927) and in the Paramount Theatre in Seattle (#1819, 1927).
 
(This information comes mostly from "Theatre Organ" magazine, December 1969, and from the Judd Walton book of standard specifications.)"
 


Chamber Layout:
 
Pipework for a standard Publix 1 was arranged in two chambers: Main & Solo. Frequently tuned percussions were left unenclosed.
 
Left side
 
Main chamber
Tuba Horn
Diaphonic Diapason
Tibia Clausa
Clarinet
Solo String
Viol D'Orchestra
Viol Celeste
Concert Flute/Bourdon
Dulciana
Vox Humana
 
Chrysoglott
Right side
 
Solo chamber
Tuba Mirabilis
Brass Trumpet
Tibia Clausa
Orchestral Oboe
Kinura
Brass Saxophone
Solo String #2
Oboe Horn
Quintadena
Vox Humana
 
Glockenspiel
Xylophone
Marimba/Harp
Cathedral Chimes
Master Xylophone
Sleigh Bells
 
unenclosed
Piano
Master Xylophone

Standard Publix 1 Stoplist:
 
The stops given below are an "average" taken from a couple of Publix 1 stoplists. As seems typical of larger Wurlitzers, the "standard" specifications were modified slightly in many cases. For example, the 2-2/3' and 2' Tibia unification may not have been always present. In some instances the Diaphonic Diapason may also have played at 4' pitch, probably on the Great and Bombarde.
 
Pedal
16 Tuba Profunda
16 Diaphone
16 Tibia Clausa (S)
16 Bourdon
8 Tuba Mirabilis
8 Tuba Horn
8 Diaphonic Diapason
8 Tibia Clausa (S)
8 Clarinet
8 Saxophone
8 Solo String #1
8 Viol D'Orchestra
8 Viol Celeste
8 Flute
4 Flute
16 Piano
Accomp to Pedal
Great to Pedal
Solo to Pedal
 
Pedal traps
Bass Drum
Kettle Drum
Snare Drum
Crash Cymbal
Cymbals
 
Pizzicato touch
16 Tuba Profunda

Bombarde
16 Tuba Mirabilis (TC)
16 Tuba Profunda
16 Diaphone
16 Tibia Clausa (TC)
16 Tibia Clausa (S)
8 Tuba Mirabilis
8 Trumpet
8 Tuba Horn
8 Diaphonic Diapason
8 Tibia Clausa
8 Tibia Clausa (S)
8 Solo String #1
8 Solo String #2
8 Viol D'Orchestra
8 Viol Celeste
8 Concert Flute
4 Clarion Mirabilis
4 Clarion
4 Piccolo
4 Piccolo (S)
Xylophone
Glockenspiel
Great to Bombarde
Solo to Bombarde Sub
Solo to Bombarde
 
Second Touch
16 Tuba Profunda
8 Tuba Horn
8 Tibia Clausa (S)
 

Solo
8 Tuba Mirabilis
8 Trumpet
8 Tuba Horn
8 Diaphonic Diapason
8 Tibia Clausa
8 Tibia Clausa (S)
8 Orchestral Oboe
8 Kinura
8 Clarinet
8 Saxophone
8 Solo String #1
8 Solo String #2
8 Oboe Horn
8 Quintadena
8 Dulciana
8 Vox Humana
8 Vox Humana (S)
4 Piccolo
4 Piccolo (S)
2-2/3 Twelfth (S)
2 Piccolo (S)
8 Piano
Marimba
Cathedral Chimes
Glockenspiel
Bells
Chrysoglott
Accompaniment
16 Solo String #1
8 Tuba Horn
8 Diaphonic Diapason
8 Tibia Clausa
8 Tibia Clausa (S)
8 Orchestral Oboe
8 Clarinet
8 Saxophone
8 Solo String #1
8 Solo String #2
8 Viol D'Orchestra
8 Viol Celeste
8 Oboe Horn
8 Quintadena
8 Concert Flute
8 Dulciana
8 Vox Humana
8 Vox Humana (S)
4 Piccolo
4 Piccolo (S)
4 Viol
4 Octave Celeste
4 Flute
4 Vox Humana
4 Vox Humana (S)
2-2/3 Twelfth (Flute)
2 Piccolo (Flute)
8 Piano
Marimba
Harp
Chrysoglott
Accomp Octave
Solo to Accomp
 
Second Touch
8 Tuba Mirabilis
8 Tuba Horn
8 Diaphonic Diapason
8 Tibia Clausa
8 Tibia Clausa (S)
8 Tibia Clausa (S)
8 Saxophone
8 Solo String #1
8 Solo String #2
4 Tibia Clausa
4 Tibia Clausa (S)
Cathedral Chimes
Xylophone
Glockenspiel
 

Tremulants
Main
String
Diapason/Tuba
Tibia Main
Vox Humanas
Solo
Tuba Mirabilis
Tibia Solo
 

Swell Shoes
Main
String
Solo
Master
Crescendo
Great
16 Tuba Profunda
16 Diaphone
16 Tibia Clausa (TC)
16 Tibia Clausa (S)
16 Clarinet (TC)
16 Saxophone (TC)
16 Solo String #2 (TC)
16 Vox Humana (TC)
16 Vox Humana (S) (TC)
8 Tuba Mirabilis
8 Trumpet
8 Tuba Horn
8 Diaphonic Diapason
8 Tibia Clausa
8 Tibia Clausa (S)
8 Orchestral Oboe
8 Kinura
8 Clarinet
8 Saxophone
8 Solo String #1
8 Solo String #2
8 Viol D'Orchestra
8 Viol Celeste
8 Concert Flute
8 Vox Humana
8 Vox Humana (S)
4 Piccolo
4 Piccolo (S)
4 Viol
4 Octave Celeste
4 Flute
4 Vox Humana
4 Vox Humana (S)
2-2/3 Twelfth (S)
2-2/3 Twelfth (Flute)
2 Piccolo (S)
2 Fifteenth (VDO)
2 Piccolo (Flute)
1-3/5 Tierce (Flute)
16 Piano
8 Piano
4 Piano
Marimba
Harp
Cathedral Chimes
Master Xylophone
Xylophone
Bells
Glockenspiel
Sleigh Bells
Chrysoglott
Great Sub Octave
Solo to Great Sub
Solo to Great
 
Second Touch
16 Tuba Profunda
8 Tibia Clausa
8 Tibia Clausa (S)
Solo to Great
Solo to Great Pizz

10HP Orgoblo blower; 10" pressure except 6" for the Vox Humanas and 15" for the Tibias, Tubas and Diapason (wooden Diaphonic bass).
 


About this site© PSTOS, 1998-2009